NEWS FROM THE PROJECT
Latest news about the project will be provided at this page. if you want to be kept informed about the progress in the project, frequently come back to this resource.
This nice hand-carved wooden plate with the acronym of the project (I love fish) was a gift from the Malawian team to the German partner and handed over at the farewell party in April 2018, celebrating the successfull overall cooperation and speficically the accomplishment of the solar powered hatchery
The calendar can be downloaded as pdf-file.
The weight and length of representative sub-samples of individual were recorded from each pond for calculation of the growth rates. These data will be part of the next annual report.
The farmer are using part of the harvest for own consumption, but are also selling a big chunk to individuals from other villages and at the local markets. One kilo of fish yielded about 2500 MK (farm gate price) which is being considered a reasonable price. Some pictures of the charvesting event are available at this page.
“The agency is indeed impressed with the progress we have witnessed so far. The project is really producing tangible results that will have a direct positive impact in the aquaculture and nutrition sector in Malawi,” she said. During the evaluation visit, the donor also handed over the technology which the project has brought to LUANAR. The technology includes the state of art solar hatchery which has improved the quality and quantity of fingerlings being produced at the university and also the aquaponics system which is a new technology at the institution that allows simultaneous growth of fish and vegetables.
Speaking in an interview, the Bunda Campus Director, Dr. Agnes Mwangwera thanked the donors through the "Ich liebe Fisch" project for the significant contribution they have made to the university. “We acknowledge the support that we have received from the German government through the "Ich liebe Fisch" project. The support is helping us in addressing the challenges that we are facing in the Malawian aquaculture and nutrition sector,” Dr. Mwangwera said. She further said that the project has helped LUANAR in many things including capacity building that has been happening at the university. This includes the technologies that have been received, the trainings that have been conducted with both the fish farmers and the students and also the support to the students that have participated in the project.
During her visit in Malawi, the donor representative visited the participating rural communities in Mchinji and Nkhotakota. Ms. Bystry used the opportunity to interview a couple of members in both communities in order to get a first-hand impression on the impact of the measures which were applied in the communities from the project.
An article about the project´s closing session and evaluation was posted in the news letter of LUANAR. Some photos of the closing session and the visit in the communities are available at this page.
The presentations of the closing meeting are avilable in the project repository in the section public documents.
However, the project
has identified another significant problem
which concerns the poor feed quality for
growing and adult fish. The farmers in the rural
communities cannot afford imported,
fully-fledged feed (industrial pelleted
feed with fish/soy meal content) for fish
farming due to the high costs and therefore
mainly use waste from maize processing (maize
bran). This makes the step from pure (rather
inefficient) self-sufficiency to small-scale
commercial production very difficult because the
full growth potential of the fish is far from
being optimally exploited. For this reason, the
project consortium sees a considerable need for
action in the development of suitable protein
sources for fish nutrition within Malawi, in
order to produce full-fledged, but also
affordable fish feed for rural aquaculture
The analysis of the fish feed
produced by the farmers themselves shows a
significantly too low protein content of about
12%. For comparison, a professionally produced
tilapia feed has a protein content of about
35-40%. A sustainable
solution to this problem, especially the lack of
proteins in the feed, must above all be adapted
to the conditions in Malawi in terms of costs.
One option here is the production of insect
larvae, in particular the larvae of the black
soldier fly, which can be used for the
production of very low-cost animal protein.
The analysis of the fish feed produced by the farmers themselves shows a significantly too low protein content of about 12%. For comparison, a professionally produced tilapia feed has a protein content of about 35-40%. A sustainable solution to this problem, especially the lack of proteins in the feed, must above all be adapted to the conditions in Malawi in terms of costs. One option here is the production of insect larvae, in particular the larvae of the black soldier fly, which can be used for the production of very low-cost animal protein.
Thus, the project "Ich liebe Fisch" has planned a pilot plant on the farm of the Bunda Campus in order to identify and optimise the various aspects of black soldier fly insect production in Malawi and to provide training for aquaculture farmers on this subject. The pilot plant should have a size and technology that is directly transferable to the conditions and options of the aquaculture farmers. This project extension was kicked-off at beginning of October 2019 and will be accomplished in December 2020.
Clay pebble production as substrate for Aquaponic facilities established at Benga Parish.
In an aquaponic system, the role of the substrate has greater importance compared with the hydroponic system, because unlike the latter, in which the soluble nutrients added to the water are adequate for utilization by plants in aquaponics, the nutrients need to be converted into easily available forms, such as organic nitrogen, which through the action of microorganisms is converted into ammonia, which is later transformed into nitrate through the action of nitrifying bacteria. Thus, the substrate for aquaponics has an additional function, acting as an adequate base for fixation of microorganisms.
The characteristics of the various materials used as substrate directly and indirectly affect plant development and production. Aeration is an important factor affecting crop yield, since oxygen is a necessary element for cellular activity, involved in the breathing process, and when absent from the root system causes damage to the plant metabolic development. Therefore, substrate structure influences crop development, mainly for soilless crops. In brief, the choice of substrate in an aquaponic system must meet the appropriate water and air proportions that meet the plant needs.
Foamed clay pebbles are established as an appropriate substrate for the cultivation of vegetables in aquaponic facilities, since the pebbles provide a large surface which facilitates the establishment of nitrifying bacteria.
Due to unavailability of such industrially produced clay pebbles necessary as growing medium the "Ich liebe Fisch" project decided to establish a production in Malawi. Under the supervision of two project volunteers from Germany, a solar powered aquaponic facility, similar to those at the Bunda Campus farm, was build at the area of the Benga Perish (a partner in the "Ich liebe Fisch" project). Gravels as a substrate were not considered since gravels are to heavy for the wooden constructions of the aquaponic units. Thus, a clay pebble production was started at the Benga Parish. A number of trials was necessary to identify the proper clay and an optimized composition of the pebbles. Moreover, a kiln had to be constructed for baking the pebbles. About 20 different kind of clay-containing soil around the site of the Benga Parish were tested to find the clay with the highest stability after being baked.
To achieve a similar porosity as the industrial produced foamed clay pebbles, the clay was mixed with different organic material which will burn out in the high temperatures of a pottery kiln (around 800° Celsius) and leave pores. Saw dust proved to be ideal but was not available in the quantity needed to burn about 4 cbm of pebbles. It turned out that using maize bran had similar results and could be used in a certain mixture with the clay without losing too much stability of the pebbles. To find the right clay and compositions, a small test kiln was built in order not to save wood in the trial period.
Subsequently, for the mass production of the clay, people from the local communities were hired and a larger kiln was constructed which is able to burn about 0.7cbm of pebbles in one baking trial. 40 workers can produce around one cbm of clay balls in 2 working days/6 hours each day.
Once aquaponic units become more common in Malawi, the production of clay pebbles may be developed to a small business for people in rural communities.
Please click on the pictures to see a larger size.
The "Ich liebe Fisch"-project is mainly working with communities in two districts; in Nkhotakota and Mchinji districts. Mchinji district is located in the upland areas of Malawi, a few hundred kilometers away from the Lake Malawi and has a relatively longer history in fish farming unlike the traditionally fishing lakeshore communities in Nkhotakota where fish farming remains a relatively new concept. The farmers in the communities in Nkhotakota reported that the oldest pond they have dates back to around 2004 which would put fish farming in the area 15 years old.
project team thus recommended special measures
aiming to address the disparities in the two
communities with the goal to attract community
members in Nkhotakota to become more encouraged in
aquaculture. Against this background, the "Ich Liebe
team took farmers in Nkhotakota on a visit to the
farm of Mr. Msyali in the same district. Mr. Msyali
is one of the oldest and leading farmers in the
district practicing integrated Agri-Aquaculture
(IAA) who has also received support through the
The training was organized for educational and
motivational purposes to improve the farming
operations of the farmers under the project.
A more detailled report about
the visit is available in the
public repository of this site.
A more detailled report about the visit is available in the public repository of this site.
In addition to the barrelponics system which was build and tested in the project, a larger Aquaponic unit was planned and constructed on the farm of the Bunda Campus in February - March 2019.
The unit is almost ready to start to operate. The same type of unit will be constructed at the Benga Parish in Nkhotakota district and will be used, apart from producing vegetables and fish, as a template for the local communities, which may consider to build a similiar system in their villages. This system will be powered with the same solar facility as the smaller barrelponics unit. More details coming soon.
Please click on the pictures to see a larger size.
The project has started the third times to deliver fingerlings and feed to the communities which are participating in the "Ich liebe Fisch"-project.
The project started with the delivery of fingerlings and feed for two communities in Mjinchi district end of March. The Ntawa and Chikondi fish clubs got fingerlings which were reared at the Bunda farm with support of the solar powered hatchery including proper feed for the first month (more feed batches will follow). Ntawa received about 10,000, Chikondi about 4000 fingerlings. The number of fingerlings to deliver was calculated on the size of the ponds of the fish clubs. The clubs got fingerlings from 3 species, O. karongae (Chambo), O. shiranus and hybrids. A full report about the delivery of this campaign will be available soon. Some photos of the delivery event are available at this page. The campaign will be continued with the delivery of fingerlings to the other fish clubs in Mjinchi and Nkhotakota district.
From the 12th to the 14th of March 2019, a full 3-days training course on solar powered hatchery operation was accomplished at the Bunda campus farm.
Fish farmer, technicians, extension worker, instructor and district fisheries officer participated in this training course. According to the results of a questionnaire which was distributed at the end of the training course, most participants provided a very positive feedback. There were many requests for repeating such kind of training courses in the future. A full report about the training course with details on the rating will be available soon.
Course content in brief
i) Introductory presentations ii) Guided tour to Bunda Campus aquaculture and fisheries department and farm operation iii) Introduction into the solar power facility iv) Broodfish management at the farm and present production methods for fingerlings v) Quality of feed for juveniles and adults vi) Hatchery operation: explaining the technology, hands-on training, including maintenance, monitoring water parameter, feed and feeding technology.
One of the major goals of the project ¨Ich liebe Fisch "was to establish technologies which improve significantly the stable supply of viable fingerlings to farmers which want to grow fish for food and for the market. To achieve this goal, the project has provided a solar powered indoor hatchery which is designed to support intensive production of tilapia fingerlings, specifically for Oreochromis karongae (Chambo). A hatchery Operation manual was compiled in order to introduce into the operation of the solar powered hatchery at the Bunda College Farm. This manual will be submitted to the participants in a training course on hatchery operation in March 2019 at the Bunda Campus Farm. Download the manual as pdf.
Please note: according to the experience in the training course on solar powered hatchery operation which was accomplished from the 12th to the 14th of March 2019 at the Bunda Campus farm, an update of the manual will be available soon, specifically with more information and instructions on water quality measurements and larval feeding. Please come back to this site and watch out for the version number of the manual
New version 1.0 available, May 2019: Some modifications in the existing text, new chapter on water parameter mesurements, larval feed and general introduction on tilapia propagation added.
The volume 6, issue 4 of the Hatcheryfeed Magazine featured an article about the solar powered hatchery which was assembled and put into operation at Bunda farm in 2018. The title of the report: "Implementation of new hatchery technologies to improve the supply of tilapia fingerlings for rural farmer in Malawi". The article presents the general framework of the "Ich liebe Fisch" project but specifically deals with technical details and the expected outcome of the hatchery. Read more online or download the article as pdf.
The visit was dedicated to solve some issues with the solar power facility and to kick-off the full operation of the hatchery and the MCDonald unit for egg incubation. Another activity was the organisation of a training course in molecular biology and cryopreservation which was conducted from 6th to 10th November 2018. The training aimed at equipping students with skills on molecular biology and how to use them. Students were offered practical sessions in areas of DNA extraction, DNA amplification, gel electrophoresis and allele scoring, and the long term preservation of biological material like semen using liquid nitrogen. Overall, it was a very successful activity, Since then, the solar powered hatchery works without any hassles. Some more pictures from these activities will be available soon. Read more about the training course.
A project meeting among the Malawian and the German coordinator was organized in Germany at the EMB and GMA from 29th of July to 6th of August 2018. The meeting took place in the period when the two master students were trained in the German partner institutes. The meeting was due to disuss project matters for the next year and beyond. While being in Germany, the Malawian guests had the opportunity to visit a typical German pond aquaculture farm. The project partner were appreciating the nice hosting and the guided tour at the fish farm Reese.
Under a sponsored exchange visit by the project "Improving Community Health-Nutrition Linkages Through Solar Energy-Based Fish and Crop Integrated Value Chains" – Ich liebe fisch (I love fish), in partnership with Africa Center of Excellence in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science (AquaFish ACE) at Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources (LUANAR), two Master students were visiting the German partner institutes, the Fraunhofer Research Institution for Marine Biotechnology and Cell Technology (EMB) in Lübeck and the Association for Marine Aquaculture (GMA) in Büsum for almost 3 months. The students were receiving hands-on training in Fish Genetics and Molecular Biology, Cryopreservation of fish gametes and its possible application in aquaculture and in advanced fish larvae rearing techniques for the mass production of quality fingerlings. Read more...
A film team visited the project in Malawi in April 2018 in order to compile a documentary about the project "Ich liebe Fisch". The film team was contracted from one of the large German public-service television stations, the ZDF. The documentary was shown within the series of the e-Planet contributions. The documentary can be accessed from the "Mediathek" of the ZDF. Please note, that restrictions may apply when accessing the link from foreign countries. In that case, please inform the adminsitrator of this site. Additional interviews with the German team, taken during production of the project documentation in Malawi and Germany can be accessed at the video resource of this site.
Hatchery and Solar power plant successfully assembled at Bunda College
project team travelled to Malawi in spring 2018 in
order to set up a solar powered hatchery
on the ground of the farm of
the Bunda colleage. Construction of the hatchery
started on 26th March this year and its main focus
is on the production of fingerlings of Oreochromis
karongae (the real Chambo and the most favourable
Tilapia species in Malawi). Together
with a team from the
Aquaculture and Fisheries Science Department,
on Monday, 9th of April 2018 at
Bunda Fish Farm.
and solar power plant
and assembled under the
Dr. Bernd Ueberschär of
Association of Marine Aquaculture (GMA).
with a team from the Aquaculture and Fisheries Science Department, the installation was completed on Monday, 9th of April 2018 at Bunda Fish Farm. The hatchery and solar power plant was designed and assembled under the leadership of Dr. Bernd Ueberschär of the Association of Marine Aquaculture (GMA).
A detailled report about these activities will
available in the projects repository. Some
time-lapse videos of these activities
are available at the
picture repository of
A detailled report about these activities will soon made available in the projects repository. Some pictures and time-lapse videos of these activities are available at the picture repository of this site.
Pond inspections of the participating communities in the districts of Nkhotakota and Mchinji in February 2018
A trip was organized to the participating communities in the districts of Nkhotakota and Mchinji at the 8th and 10th of February 2018. These project activities aimed at assessing the fish ponds and making them ready for the projects implementation phase. At the beginning of the projects pilot phase in the preceding year of 2017, the project organized a seminar which involved the first extensive pond preparation trainings. The farmers were asked to prepare their ponds for the second phase of the project hence this trip was arranged to follow up on the progress and reach out to the pond preparation challenges farmers were facing on the ground.
Container arrived at Bunda College
The container with the hatchery, photovoltaic facility and many other equipment finally arrived at the 19th of January 2018 at the Bunda college in Lilongwe. After a long journey, the content of the container is apparently complete and undamaged. in order to assemble hatchery and PV facility and to facilitate the application of aquaponic techniques. Some pictures of the stowing procedure are available at the picture repository of this site. German Team visited the Project in November/December 2017
The German team travelled to Malawi from end of November until end of December 2017 to attend the project and to accomplish a couple of tasks together with the project partner from Malawi.
Although deviations from the original schedule for this visit in Malawi were necessary (the container with the stuff for hatchery and solar power plant was delayed), the visit of the German partner was very useful. Various meetings at the Bunda college were organized, plans of the coming activities in 2018 discussed, lectures given in classes of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department and concepts for Master theses developed with those students who are designated to come to Germany.
Another important activity was the visit of the participating communities in Mchinji and Nkhotakota. The German team spend a couple of days in Nkhotakota at the Malawi lake and organized, with the help of the local district fisheries officers, a meeting with key members of the local community. A lot of aspects were discussed, it was important to learn for the German team that many of the project activities which were accomplished so far went into the right direction. Nevertheless, there were a couple of issues identified which still need improvements and corrections.
Another trip went to the participating communities in Mchinji with more or less the same program compared to the trip to Nkhotakota. In summary, the communities in Mchinji were more comitted to their aquaculture activities, thus the measures to improve pond management were more appreciated in the communities of this district.
In addition, some other meetings were organized, such as a brainstorming with representatives from World Fish, the organisation is aiming to intensify their activities in Malawi. Areas of common interest were identified where the project might cooperate with the World Fish activities.
In summary, this visit in Malawi yielded in the acknowledegment of the major obstacles for successful aquaculture in Malawi: lack of fingerlings to stock the ponds properly, specifically lack of O. karongae offsprings, lack of proper feed for ongrowing fish; deficiencies in knowledge on proper pond and water management and a general failure of electricity supply. Alle those issues were were initially adressed in the project´s application and are further in the focus of the project.
Some pictures of the visit are available at the picture repository of this site.
The training sessions were conducted in Nkhotakota from 6th -10th November and in Mchinji from 11th - 15th November 2017 with the following objectives: to establish and revamp care groups in the project sites, to train farmers in fish product development, to conduct sensory evaluation of the developed fish products, to equip communities with basic nutrition and complimentary feeding knowledge, to train fish farmers in fish harvesting and post harvesting handling and to train communities in marketing of fish and fish based products.
In November 2017, ten members from each fish club participating in the project were trained in fish harvesting techniques and post-harvest handling methods. In addition, together with the representatives from care groups they were trained on basic principles of marketing and record keeping.
A total of 72 women from the revamped and established care groups were trained in a wide number of nutrition topics such as the six food groups, importance of dietary diversification, and principles of proper nourishment of infants and children. In addition to the women from the care groups, the training also involved fish clubs chairpersons and primary and secondary school students and their patrons.
The attendants were trained how to optimize preparation of Maize including fish, vegetable porridge and Cassava, dishes which aims specifically to improve the nutrition status of infants and young children under 2 years. They were also trained how to make fish sausage, fish balls and fish samosa that are aimed to improve the nutrition status of the whole family and to improve their income through marketing of surplus products.
Some pictures of the training sessions are available at the picture repository of this site.
A 40-ft containeraswas packed for the project at Fraunhofer EMB in Lübeck and shipped at the 6th of December with the destination Lilongwe, Bunda College.
The container will bring a complete hatchery for intensive rearing of Tilapia fry, including an egg incubation facility (McDonald type hatching jars), a solar energy plant which will supply continous elctricity for the hatchery and a large industrial tent as housing for the hatchery. In addition, a lot of auxilary stuff was shipped with the container which is needed to assemble the hatchery and the solar power plant and for research purposes. The container is supposed to arrive mid of December in Lilongwe.
Some pictures of the stowing procedure are available at the picture repository of this site.
Following pond stocking on 24th May 2017 and525th May 2017 in Nkhotakota and Mchinji respectivel,, three field visits (once per month) have been conducted with the objectives of monitoring growth of fish and vegetables and also deliver feed which is done monthly. The project team took advantage of the second monitoring trip to assess availability of care-groups and their functionality, to document number of households currently participating in the project; to estimate the prevalence of households with under-five children as well as to document upcoming best practices. The related report summarizes key findings and observations that were made during the three monitoring trips.
The monitoring team visited all
the seven clubs that are involved in this
pilot research in the
The monitoring team visited all the seven clubs that are involved in this pilot research in theNkhotakota District On average fish is growing well in the district Chijere and Teen Mission clubs which were given Amaranthus and pumpkin leaf vegetables, respectively, are the only clubs that did well in vegetable production as observed during the monitoring trips. Several clubs complained that their vegetable plants were attacked by pests and diseases while still at the nursery stage. The project team went to the field for the third monitoring trip with a horticulturist (from LUANAR, horticulture departmen) to help in pests and disease identification, to recommend proper management and treatment, and identify suitable land for vegetable production for each club and to help in how to measure necessary parameters to determine growth performance of vegetables.
The monitoring team visited further all the three fish clubs participating in Mchinji district. On average, fish is growing well in Mchinji district, although slower than those in Nkhotakota. This might be attributed to lower temperatures in Mchinji. The Jefter Zenasi and Tikondaneish Club were observed to be the best in terms of vegetable production during the first and second monitoring trips. Fish Club were observed to be the best in terms of vegetable production during the first and second monitoring trips.
The assessment of the care groups in the two districts yielded that there is a good participation and commitment in implementing club activities by women and youth. In Mchinji it was revealed that there are functional care groups in all the clubs (except Ntawa club). In Nkhotakota there are no functional care groups in all the clubs. The project will revamp the care groups where they already exist and establish new ones where they do not exist.
The full report about these monitoring activities and a comprehensive Power Point presentation are available in the protected repository of this site. More pictures are available at the picture repository of this site.
LUANAR,LUANAR, QUALivE, IFFNT, EMB & GMA, IFFNT, EMB & GMA, IFFNT, EMB & GMA through the project ICH-LIEBE-FISCH (I LOVE FISH) conducted training courses for 285 fish farmers in Nkhotakota and Mchinji District..
The training which was conducted on the 8th to the 9th of May 2017 in Nkhotakota gathered together 145 fish farmers from 11 fish clubs being trained in Integrated Agriculture-Aquaculture (IAA), and grow-out management. Similar training courses were conducted in Mchinji at the 10th to 11th of May 2017 which attracted 140 fish farmers from 4 clubs participating.
According to one of the senior researchers, associate professor Joshua Valeta, the training was aimed to equip farmers with knowledge in IAA & grow-outt managemen. He said that most of the farmers do not make profits because they use lots of inputs sourced externally and they end up harvesting low amount of fish due to a lack of knowledge in best pond management practices. He added that IAA will enable farmers to fully utilize on-farm bio-resources because discard or by-products from one system will be used as inputs in a second production system (e.g. nutrients excreted from the fish will be used to fertilize vegetable) within the farm resulting in greater efficiency.
Integrated fish-vegetable production is a typical IAA set-up which will be implemented through this project and it has potential to improve nutritional status of farmers while improving cash flow. Associated Professor Joshua Valeta mentioned, that the training came in due time of the year just before stocking of the ponds is on the agenda of the farmers. The recently acquired knowledge can be immediately turned into practice.
QUALivES Coordinator Mr Mofolo Sifo said, the training allows farmers to learn about IAA and efficient grow-out technologie; a baseline survey conducted late last year revealed that more than 80% of those farmers who are interested in these techniques however, have no knowledge in IAA. Most farmers did not know about fish-crop integration and its benefits, but as an outcome from these training event, they are all enthusiastic to start integrating fish with vegetables production. The farmers learn, that integration of fish-vegetable production would need less resources (e.g. water for irrigation) and only require small land for greater productivity and increased income.
One of the trained farmer, group village headman Kawele (from Mchinj) thanked LUANAR and its partners for conducting the training events. He emphasized that Mchinji fish farmers will certainly adopt the projects goals beyond the project’s lifespan and they want to become important suppliers of fish and fish products in Malawi.
At the end of the training, the project team distributed Panga knifes and slashers to the farmers in both districts. The tools were distributed to help farmers prepare the ponds and pond stocking is expected before end of May 2017. The tools were distributed in presence of district fisheries personnel who will help to track the clubs that are active in preparing their ponds and need fish seed.
Apart from Mr Sifo and associate Professor Valeta, other training facilitators were Martha Alufeyo and Idrissa Nkwanda.
Impressions from the training sessions in Mchinji and Nkhotakota distric,, From lef:: training lessons, Professor Joshua Valeta distributing tool,, group shot with farmers after receiving their tool..
Two field trips were organized in November 2016 in order to inspect and to identify appropriate site, communities and beneficiaries for the project.
From 11th -12th of November, a field visit was organized to Nkhotakota district to identify and inspect sites and innovative fish farmers that the project would work with in the area. Through the same trip it was expected that a potential project site would be identified and sensitization of the communities therein about the project was to follow. Furthermore, a meeting with the Nkhotakota District Fisheries Officer (DFO), District Agricultural Development Officer (DADO), was also arranged to facilitate awareness of government officials about the project.
A field visit was organized to Mchinji to identify and inspect project site and beneficiaries, and to conduct stakeholder consultation meeting (Stakeholder Consultatio, Sensitization and Compilation of Technology platform structures).
The full reports about the site evaluation are available in the public repository of this site.
Impressions from the field trips which were conducted to see sites in Mchinji and Nkhotakota district in order to evaluate if these sites suit to the project goals.
Finding innovative ways to boost aquaculture is the only way to meet the demand for fish which by far outstrips present supply.
Current production from aquaculture is just a mere 3,500 tonnes from small-scale farms and sustainable growth strategies for an increasing self-supply are presently lacking. The major constraint in Malawian aquaculture is the lack of afast-growing species, comparable to O. niloticus found in other countries. This problem has been exacerbated by the fact that the Government of Malawi Act does not allow import of exotic fish species (in light of the alien species problems) in order to protect the biodiversity in Lake Malawi, which hosts an international fish heritage sanctuary. Taking this into account, there is a need to maximize production of native fish specie, which is only possible through research and innovation.
Currently, there are three tilapia species being farmed in Malawi: Oreochromis shiranus, O. karongae and Tilapia rendalli. O. shiranus is widely cultured (about3 93% of all farmers), largely due to its easy handling; but it has a slow growth rate. Although.O. shiranus was subjected to selective breeding program, its growth performance at the 6th generation is not encouraging (25% gains over non improved strains).
O. karongae grows faster and tastes better and studies on consumer preference have shown that O. karongae is preferred over the other Tilapia (Chambo) species (Kaunda et al., 2005). In a study conducted by Andrew et al. in 2003, it was shown that also fish farmers would prefer to culture O. karongae. But the major problem is its low fecundity and low larval survival, resulting into insufficient numbers of fingerlings to supply farmer enough fingerlings.
Being the most preferred fish and due to the low availability from fish farms, overfishing of the wild population has resulted in dwindling catches (reduction of more than 70% in catches over a ten-year period, IUCN red list, 2013.2) to the extent that it has been red-listed as an endangered fish species by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Therefore, a, major goal of this project is to improve fecundity and larval survival of this fast growing species and to enable farmers to culture this species in large numbers.
In July, the Kick-Off meeting for the project "Ich liebe Fisch" was successfully conducted in Lilongwe from July 19 to22nd, 2016. The venue was the University Lilongwe (LUANAR), at the Aquaculture & Fisheries Science Department.
Representatives from all partners were participating. The meeting was also dedicated to establish a personal contact among all major project partners. Apart from the main meeting, a visit of the exeperimental facilities at LUANAR and a field trip to a model farm were organised.
Agenda for the Meeting
• Welcome remarks
• Project contract agreement
• Work packages review and implementation plan
• Response toLEBLE questions
• Project Budget
• Project area visits
The meeting was considered as very useful and productive; a detailled planning of the first projct year was accomplished. The minutes of the meeting are provided as PDF-download in the protected document repository of this site.
Core representatives from all project partners in Malawi and Germany participated in the Kick-Off Meeting at LUANAR in Lilongwe.
In order to provide some insights into Malawi farm operations including aquaculture, a model-like farm was visited around Bunda community from German and Malawi project partner. The visited farm has a model charakter due to its versatile operation mode.
The farm produces Chambo in two ponds and a number of different crop, such as coconut, banana, honey and other various vegetables.
Since the farm has continous access to water resources (river), it can almost operate independant from the raining season. The farm looks well arranged and the farmer has a clear plan about the style to operate his farm.
The visit of a model farm provided good impressions about the options in combining aquaculture and crop production under the given conditions (the model farm has continious access to water sources).